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What’s Changed About the New 1040 Form Schedules for 2019?

Jo Willetts Director of Tax Resources Published On October 18, 2019

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Ever since you started working, you could count on one thing: Sitting down once a year to fill out your 1040 and file your taxes. Well, now the venerable old 1040 you know so well is changing. The good news? It’s never been so simple.

The “Tax Cuts and Jobs Act” (TCJA) Congress passed in December 2017 did away with a number of widely used exemptions and deductions. In response, the IRS redesigned over 400 forms and schedules while eliminating many others. The IRS also took this opportunity to make the Form 1040 simpler and to eliminate the optional Forms 1040EZ and 1040A.

However, based on feedback from the public and tax prep companies, the IRS decided to further improve the Form 1040 again for the 2019 tax year.

The IRS looked at the new Form 1040 and the six schedules they’d created in 2018 and realized the form and schedules could be even easier to use. They reduced the number of schedules from six to three, added capital gains to income, changed the order of some information and increased the font size. As a result, the new Form 1040 with three main schedules is now easier to read, flows better, and makes more sense, even if it is longer than the postcard we’d been promised.

Schedule 1. Essentially the same as in 2018, this is where you indicate additional income and adjustments to income.

Schedule 2. Combines Schedules 2 and 4 and renames it “Additional Taxes.” Here’s where you indicate additional taxes you owe such as the Alternate Minimum Tax (AMT), self-employment tax, household employment taxes, and taxes on qualified retirement plans.

Schedule 3. Combines Schedules 3 and 5 and renames it “Additional Credits and Payments.” Use this schedule to indicate additional payments such as estimated taxes as well as refundable and nonrefundable credits. This includes the child tax credit, earned income credit,  the child and dependent care credit and the new credit for other dependents, among others.

Yes, the Form 1040 has never been so simple. But many taxpayers will, of course, continue to file supporting forms along with it such as the venerable Schedule C for self-employment, Schedule D for capital gains, a new Form 8995 for qualified business income deduction, and others.

While the new 1040 Form isn’t the simple postcard from 2018; it is easier to understand, which still makes it an improvement over last year.

About the Author

Jo Willetts, Director of Tax Resources at Jackson Hewitt, has more than 25 years of experience in the tax industry. As an Enrolled Agent, Jo has attained the highest level of certification for a tax professional. She began her career at Jackson Hewitt as a Tax Pro, working her way up to General Manager of a franchise store. In her current role, Jo provides expert knowledge company-wide to ensure that tax information distributed through all Jackson Hewitt channels is current and accurate.

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