Let’s find a tax preparation office for you


Information regarding browser or device support

Oh no! We may not fully support the browser or device software you are using!

To experience our site in the best way possible, please update your browser or device software, or move over to another browser.

COVID-19 Impact

Covid-19 Unemployment & Tax Relief for Self-Employed, Freelance, and Gig Workers

Mark Steber Chief Tax Information Officer Published On July 08, 2020


Traditionally, freelancers and gig workers have been unable to claim unemployment benefits. Independent contractors and their clients don't pay into state unemployment funds by default. However, with the unprecedented situation that the COVID-19 pandemic has created, self-employed workers who otherwise wouldn't normally qualify for unemployment may now be eligible for payments.

Coronavirus-Specific Unemployment Benefits for the Self-Employed

Under the Department of Labor's Federal Pandemic Unemployment Compensation program (FPUC), an array of benefits were created to prevent the economy from going into freefall. This included providing the self-employed coronavirus benefits since many independent workers also lost their income and did not qualify and/or were unsuitable for small business aid like SBA loans and the Paycheck Protection Program.

However, while the CARES Act and subsequent temporary benefit programs it created are federal, unemployment is administered by your state's labor department. They may institute their own guidelines for employment eligibility, although there are a few basic conditions that must be met in order to receive pandemic unemployment assistance (PUA) payments:

  • Must be ineligible for regular unemployment benefits
  • Be unemployed or partially employed
  • Be unavailable to work because of health consequences and/or economic fallout from COVID-19

You could be eligible to receive PUA benefits for up to 39 weeks provided that you were unable or unavailable to work between January 27, 2020 to December 31, 2020.

How Do I Get Pandemic Unemployment Assistance if I'm Self-Employed?

If eligible, you will need to file for unemployment with your state. You should have documentation ready to prove your income. If requested, show your most recent tax return, 1099 forms, paid invoices, and other proof of payment.  Note that requirements may vary by state.

In addition to receiving PUA, you may also be eligible to receive an extra $600 federal benefit per week until July 31, 2020. Please note that if you receive these payments, it may impact your ability to receive other small business aid such as SBA Economic Injury Disaster grants and PPP funds.

Will I Get a Stimulus Check if I'm Self-Employed?

Self-employment does not prevent you from receiving a stimulus check, provided your income and residency fall under the stimulus check guidelines. The stimulus eligibility guidelines for the stimulus payment include having an adjusted gross income (AGI) under $75,000 if single, under $112,500 if head of household, or under $150,000 if married filing jointly as of your latest tax return. If you did not file a tax return in 2018 or 2019, this may result in the IRS not sending a stimulus check.

New Refundable Tax Credits for the Self-Employed Under the Families First Coronavirus Response Act

The Families First Coronavirus Response Act (FFCRA) was signed into law on March 18, making it the second major coronavirus-related bill. This bill's chief provisions include changes to paid sick leave, insurance coverage for COVID-19 testing, waivers for food assistance, and other pandemic-related aid. In addition to changing the work requirements for receiving SNAP benefits, the bill also provided paid sick leave to the self-employed in the form of a tax credit.

Both the Qualified Sick Leave and Qualified Family Leave tax credits have been made effective as of April 1, 2020 and end December 31, 2020 under the Emergency Family and Medical Leave Expansion Act and Emergency Paid Sick Leave Act.

How the Tax Filing Deadline Change May Affect the Self-Employed

The federal tax filing deadline has been extended to July 15, 2020. You won't face federal penalties or late fees if you file your tax return and pay your tax bill by this date.

If you have been waiting for unemployment or PPP funds to help with your tax bill, you should take advantage of the longer deadline to organize your finances.

About the Author

Mark Steber is Chief Tax Information Officer, responsible for key initiatives that support overall tax service delivery and quality assurance. Mark also serves as a Jackson Hewitt liaison with the Internal Revenue Service, states, and other government authorities. With over 30 years of tax experience and deep knowledge of the federal and state tax codes, Mark is widely referenced as an expert on consumer income tax issues, especially electronic-tax and data-protection issues.

View Mark's LinkedIn Profile Jackson Hewitt Editorial Policy

Related articles

Coronavirus Unemployment Benefits and the CARES Act

In late March 2020, Congress passed the CARES Act. It’s an enormous stimulus bill designed to help protect businesses and individuals from the economic effects of the shutdown in response to the Coronavirus.

View more

Coronavirus Relief for Small Businesses Under the CARES Act

Shutting down nonessential businesses may have been necessary to slow the coronavirus, but it’s nonetheless leaving staggering economic hardship in its wake. Recognizing the impending financial crisis, especially to small businesses, Congress passed two important bills to provide economic relief. The first was the CARES Act in March 2020. The second was the Paycheck Protection Program and Health Care Enhancement (PPPHCE) Act on April 21.

View more

Why Jackson Hewitt®?

We’ll work hard for you

Our Tax Pros will answer your questions, provide tax tips, and help you get smarter about your money.

We know our stuff

Jackson Hewitt is a leader in the tax industry, having prepared millions of tax returns in more than 35 years.

We’ll make it easy

We’re committed to helping you, fast and efficiently. Taxes done how you want and when you want.