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Family Tax Topics

How a Change of Marital Status Affects Your Taxes

Marriage – or divorce – can affect your filing status, the deductions you can claim, and for your ability to claim related benefits. Find out what a change in marital status might mean for you.

Did you get married?

If you got married this year, congratulations! In terms of taxes, marriage means big changes. First of all, your filing status has changed and you now have the option of filing jointly with your spouse. Filing a joint return means a standard deduction worth $24,400.

If you and your spouse decide to file separate returns, you must itemize deductions if your spouse does so on their return. Also, you cannot claim the following tax benefits if you’ve filed separately:

  • Student loan interest
  • Education credits
  • Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC)
  • Premium Tax Credit
  • Child and Dependent Care Expenses

If you’ve had your marriage annulled, you are considered unmarried for this tax year and all affected prior tax years. You must amend your tax returns for all open years – usually the three years prior to the year of annulment.


Getting divorced means you’ll need to change your filing status. However, your marital status on your tax return is dictated by your marital status on December 31 of the tax year. So if you and your partner split up or separate, but you’re not divorced, or legally separated according to state law, by the end of the year, your status is still “married,” and you and your spouse have the choice to file as Married Filing Jointly or Married Filing Separately.

You may be able to deduct any alimony you pay if your agreement was entered into prior to January 1, 2019.  Any agreements updated after December 31, 2018 may also disallow the alimony deduction. 

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