Jo Willetts, EA
Director, Tax Resources
Published on: February 05, 2021
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Form 1099-MISC is used to report various types of miscellaneous income that are not reported on other Forms 1099. Many specific types of income often have their own forms in the 1099 series, such as the 1099-R for retirement income and 1099-INT for interest.
For tax years ending after January 1, 2020, Form NEC, Nonemployee Compensation, replaces Form 1099-MISC for payments to independent contractors, gig workers, and other self-employed taxpayers exceeding $600.
1099-MISC is still used for other miscellaneous types of income such as royalties exceeding $10, payments for prizes and compensation for medical studies and market research. If you received rental income exceeding $600 for the year, such as renting out your home through a third party, you may also receive a 1099-MISC reporting the gross rent received.
Generally, unless you have federal or state withholding reported on your Forms 1099, you do not have to include them with your tax return.
If you operate your own business, you need to issue 1099-NEC forms to anyone you paid more than $600 for work performed.
Examples of when Form 1099-MISC should be issued include the following payments:
While this list is not exhaustive, they are the most common reasons one would need to send another taxpayer a Form 1099-MISC. The full list of payments warranting a 1099-MISC can be found on the IRS website.
If you made payments of a more personal nature, such as consulting an attorney for personal matters or paying for lawn care services, you do not need to file a 1099-MISC or 1099-NEC.
However, If you regularly pay domestic workers like housekeepers or nannies, and do not pay them through an agency responsible for tax reporting, you may need to register as a household employer and pay them with a W-2 and not a 1099-NEC.
In most cases, if you are a gig worker, contractor, freelancer, or have other types of self-employment income then you must include all income, whether on a 1099-NEC or not and pay SE taxes on your net profit.
However, if you receive money from a source other than a job, such as prize money on a game show or sweepstakes, you are required to report and pay income tax on the amount reported on Form 1099-MISC. This income is not considered self-employment income, but other income and each type has its own rules concerning deductions and how it’s reported.
About the Author
Jo Willetts, Director of Tax Resources at Jackson Hewitt, has more than 25 years of experience in the tax industry. As an Enrolled Agent, Jo has attained the highest level of certification for a tax professional. She began her career at Jackson Hewitt as a Tax Pro, working her way up to General Manager of a franchise store. In her current role, Jo provides expert knowledge company-wide to ensure that tax information distributed through all Jackson Hewitt channels is current and accurate.